Sermons

Sermons

Feb19
THE MINOR PROPHETS - Introduction
Series: Sunday Sermons
Leader: Pastor Bill Terris
Scripture: Deuteronomy 18: 9-22
Date: Feb 19th, 2017
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THE MINOR PROPHETS


- Introduction -


 


Old Testament Times


 


1. Books of the Law (5) = Pentateuch


- 4000-1804 B.C.: Genesis


a. Ch.1-11= Creation, Fall, Flood, Nations


b. Ch. 12-50= Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph


- 1804-1405 B.C.: Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy


                            : Moses – Leader, Egypt è Plains of Moab


 


2. Books of History (12)


- 1405-586 B.C.: Joshua è Esther


a. Israel ruled by God (Theocracy)     1405-1043 B.C.


- Joshua, Judges, Ruth…occupation & settlement of Canaan


b. Israel ruled by Kings (Monarchy)


- 1 Samuel è Esther      1405-586 B.C.


- Saul, David, Solomon (died 931 B.C.) è Divided Kingdom


   > Northern Tribes (10) – Israel =19 kings, ‘til 722 B.C.


   > Southern Tribes (2) – Judah = 20 kings, ‘til 605 B.C.


…Israel captive to Assyrians // Judah captive to Babylonians


c. Return from Captivity


- led by Zerubbabel (536 B.C.), later by Ezra (458 B.C.) for the purpose of rebuilding the Temple in Jerusalem


- led by Nehemiah (444 B.C.) for the purpose of rebuilding the


Walls of Jerusalem…revival & reforms under Ezra & Nehemiah


NOTE: Old Testament history is now 400 years from Jesus’ birth


             = years of God’s silence…no record of a Prophet speaking  


 


3. Books of Poetry (5)


- Job  - Psalms  - Proverbs  - Ecclesiastes  - Song of Solomon


 


4. Books of the Prophets (17)


- Isaiah è Daniel = MAJOR (5)  - Hosea è Malachi = MINOR (12)


- ministry recorded in 2 Kings & 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah


- time-frames of the various prophets: Pre-exile / Exile / Post-exile


 


Snapshots of Bible History:  Psalm 78; 105-107; Acts 7:1-53; 13:13-25


 


2


 


Notations About The Prophets


1. Samuel = the first of the real prophets   Acts 3:24, 13:20


2. Writing Prophets = MAJOR & MINOR


3. Oral Prophets = no records of writings


- Nathan, Ahijah, Iddo, Jehu, Elijah, Elisha, Oded, Shemiah, etc.


 


Characteristics Of The Prophets


- called prophets (300X), seers, servants of the Lord, watchmen


- Prophet = ‘speak for’(Greek) – one called and appointed by God


as a spokesperson to proclaim the message of God in oral, visual,


or in written form


- cf. with Authority of the Apostles who were used of God to record


Scripture, as were the Prophets (Deut.18:14-22; Heb.1:1-2; Eph.2:20;


2 Pet.2:19-21; 2 Tim.3:16)


- Deut.18: spoke in God’s name, character was to be consistent with the message (moral & spiritual), prophecies must be completely accurate


- often endowed with special abilities _would FORTHTELL a message and FORETELL the future; demanded spiritual insight & foresight


 


Four Major Themes of the Prophets


1. They Exposed Sinful Practices


= courage to say what needed to be said…practical


= called sin “sin”, and called for repentance   cf. Luke 5:31


 2. They Called People Back to the Law of God


- Moral, Civil, and Ceremonial repentance and return


- Message = character of God + God’s purpose for His people


                 è Trust Him è Believe and Obey


3. They Warned of Coming Judgment


- people were responsible for their sin


- the Lord of History is in control (sovereign) over His people


  and the nations


4. They Anticipated the Coming of the Messiah


= God moves history toward this definite goal   cf. Acts 10:43


 


…Their message involved:


     a. Condemnation due to Sin AND Consolation due to Grace


     b. Forthtell re: their present day AND Foretell re: Christ’s Coming